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Dr. Carlos Espaliú Berdud has published an article titled “The abandonment of the Spitzenkandidaten System: (Un)sustainable democracy in the EU?” in Cuadernos Europeos de Deusto, which was issued in May 2021. The article covers topics such as participatory democracy, European citizens’ initiative, the development and inconsistent implementation of the Spitzenkandidaten doctrine about the election of the European Commission’s President; and a single European constituency.

To read Dr. Espaliú’s work, click here.


Credit: CC-BY-4.0: © European Union 2019 – Source: EP